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Old 08-11-2019, 07:04 AM   #11
Mini-Skoolie
 
Join Date: May 2018
Location: Toronto, Ontario
Posts: 11
Year: 2009
Coachwork: Thomas Built
Chassis: HDX
Engine: Cummins 8.3L Turbo Diesel
Rated Cap: 48
Quote:
Originally Posted by alpine44 View Post
Since you already replaced the thermostat, coolant, and cap, the other important items in the cooling system to check are radiator, fan, and water pump.

The point of a radiator is to create an large surface over which heat is exchanged from the coolant to the outside air. That surface needs to be clean on the air side as well as the coolant side to do the job. On the outside look for bugs, dirt, and grime built up between the fins. You can address that with a general purpose degreaser or a special radiator fin cleaner solution and gentle water pressure. (Do not hit the delicate fins with a pressure washer).

To assess the scale buildup on the inside surface of the radiator you need to drain the coolant and take one of the hoses off the radiator. It should not look like a coral reef inside. If it does, you can flush with a scale remover but I would just replace the radiator.

If you have an electric radiator fan, verify that it kicks in. On an engine driven fan you will have a viscous clutch that I would just replace at the mileage of your vehicle.

While you are troubleshooting the cooling system, check the turbo charging system for leaks. Low boost pressure leads to over-fueling and overheating. On the exhaust side, look for tell-tale soot and on the intake side check hoses for cracks and clamps for tightness.

What about the water pump? They typically leak well before the impeller is so eroded that it will affect cooling. I would only take the pump off if everything else mentioned failed to rectify the problem.

Thanks again with a few follow up queries. With coolant shop replaced by Matrix shop in Sask, do you still suggest draining coolant again?


Also quick replacement of viscous fan clutch and rad seem pricy before knowing specific causes. Obviously, quickly renewing critical cooling parts is more likely to get at the root causes faster. But after just paying for bus and conversion (by Paved to Pines), money is tight so I must hit high probability areas first to see if I can make the improvements necessary.



I know you gave me a very good and detailed list which I willl follow. Is there any way to test or evaluate the fan clutch without proceeding to replacement immediately?


I guess if I drain the coolant, I can check rad and water pump at same time.



And I saw your later comment about turbocharger that addresses heat and performance so that's a certainty to look at.



One final query for now is about a recommended parts source for good quality and reasonably priced parts. I'm in Toronto, Canada so that's the ideal source.



Thanks so much.
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Old 08-11-2019, 07:08 AM   #12
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Join Date: May 2018
Location: Toronto, Ontario
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Year: 2009
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Chassis: HDX
Engine: Cummins 8.3L Turbo Diesel
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Quote:
Originally Posted by cadillackid View Post
thats a Rear engine bus.. your fan is either Hydraulic or belt driven with electric clutch.. that fan should run on high speed a lot with a rear engine bus when its hot outside.. if its hydraulic, the valve usually has low and high speed... sometimes they use the engine computer for the fan, other times it is a separate sensor.. sounds like since it stays cool driving around town that it is stuck in Low speed mode..

-Christopher

Thank you Christopher. Where do I look to see if it's stuck? Is there any way to test the speed?
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Old 08-11-2019, 07:15 AM   #13
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Quote:
Originally Posted by superFreddie View Post
My new 2009 Thomas Built HDX Conversion with 8.3 Cummins RE has 285,000 km on the clock. It runs smoothly and quietly on flat road but arrived with 2 annoying problems. (And I am just learning about diesel engines so any assistance is greatly appreciated).

The first is that it overheats as soon as it exceeded 90kph or 55mpg. Before that, rock solid at 200F. Above that, a steady rise to 225F where the overheat alarm sounds. Thermostat, rad cap and coolant have been replaced as first effort to no avail.

Second issue is loss of speed when climbing hills. Downshiftng the Allison 5 speed manually helps maintain speed but on really steep grades of say, 7%, we can slow to a crawl. I want to tow a runabout car however I am fearful with both of these issues.

Any suggestions on where to look for remedies much appreciated.

SuperFreddie
In Buster the Cat House
2009 Thomas Built HDX SafTLiner
converted to French Country Cabin on wheels
8.3L Cummins inline 6

Guess I should have asked at the same time as my first posting, but I had heard that some Allison transmissions had a 6th gear that could be unlocked for better cruising mileagea and engine speed. Has anyone confirmed the truth of this and how to do it?


Thanks for the very helpful responses.



Fred
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Old 08-16-2019, 12:53 AM   #14
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The md3060 has a 6th speed that can be unlocked. I had it done on my 2001 Allison md3060. Thomas can give you “permission” to have Allison unlock it but I’m not even sure the permission from Thomas is necessary as Allison had me sign their own waiver and didn’t seem to acknowledge the permission from Thomas.

If I were you I’d call a Allison service centre and ask them if your trans has a 6th speed that can be unlocked.
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Old 08-16-2019, 11:17 AM   #15
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Quote:
Originally Posted by superFreddie View Post
Guess I should have asked at the same time as my first posting, but I had heard that some Allison transmissions had a 6th gear that could be unlocked for better cruising mileagea and engine speed. Has anyone confirmed the truth of this and how to do it?


Thanks for the very helpful responses.



Fred
Actually Thomas needs Allisons permission, not the other way around. In your 09 it should be easy to unlock, many of us are turned down for older models. What ever you do, when requesting the unlock, your purpose is for better fuel mileage only, never mention you want more speed.
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Old 08-16-2019, 02:29 PM   #16
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Year: 2001
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Engine: CAT 3126
Quote:
Originally Posted by o1marc View Post
Actually Thomas needs Allisons permission, not the other way around. In your 09 it should be easy to unlock, many of us are turned down for older models. What ever you do, when requesting the unlock, your purpose is for better fuel mileage only, never mention you want more speed.


Your local Allison shop needs a letter from Thomas and a CIN from Allison corporate. Iíve done it. I worked with Clark Power Systems in Ringgold GA and they were great guys. Scott Ball is who you should talk to if youíre wanting to do it.
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Old 08-16-2019, 06:00 PM   #17
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This post went to the wrong thread.
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Old 08-16-2019, 07:36 PM   #18
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I had mine done at a Wajax in Calgary and looks like there’s one in Toronto. They only charged me like $150 and they came to my house to do it. I doubt you could expect that though.
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Old 08-16-2019, 07:51 PM   #19
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My experience with firing into the water jacket is that you blow all your coolant on the ground out the pressure relief.. it doesn’t happen unnoticed. Things will be wet after you take a drive where you punch the accelerator at all..
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Old 08-17-2019, 02:18 AM   #20
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Hey Fred,


I have a similar situation with my CAT so I am very interested in what you find. Please post your tests/results as they are made.
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