Ah, an older thread is being resurrected, I see.
What you describe is commonly done with all sorts of vehicles and other structures. A plate, thicker than the original skin, is welded on so as to spread its load over a large area. Then the actual new structure is welded to the plate.
The difficulty lies in welding the plate to the very thin skin. Also, many bus skins are galvanized, and the galvanizing gives of toxic fumes when welded.
So you may be better off bolting the new structure on. The window pillars continue under the roof, and you should be able to see where by the rows of rivets. You would run a bolt thru the middle of the beam, with a small plate on top to set the load on the flanges of the beam. Thus the skin will not carry any load. Then you weld the new structure to the plates. You would want to seal this very well, so water does not get in thru the bolt holes.