A trick I learned for checking temperature of something that might be hot is to moisten the finger before touching. Lick the finger if you like, but bear in mind lead, road grime, oil, etc when moistening that way..
Anyway, a wet finger touched quickly on a hot surface can better detect the heat without being burned. I don't know why it is -- water improves the heat conduction? It adds some thermal mass so that whatever Btus do transfer don't raise the skin temperature to the burn threshold? Adds thermal capacitance so that the touch can be fast even though the body's processing of "ooh! HOT!" is slow? In any case the method has spared me burning a fingertip several times.