Now consider a modern steam engine. I invoke the Cyclone Engine
(see previous post) for reference. Let's look at performance, range,
efficiency, emissions, reliability, longevity, safety, fuel
1. Performance - Similar to a two stroke gasoline engine, but
starting torque is far greater (and Cyclone is FAR less noisy). A
100 hp Cyclone has a starting torque of 700 ft lbs. The torque
profile is like a gas engine's flipped backwards…. torque is highest
starting out and falls, but always remains at least twice as high as
a 4 stroke gas engine at the same speed and rated power. The torque
curve is such that a transmission is NOT required. Engine is
self-starting (can operate at 1 rpm up to 3600 rpm). Engine can even
reverse itself. A Diesel automotive power plant (including all
auxiliaries…. transmission, emissions controls, radiator, starter
motor, flywheel, etc.) with the same power as a Cyclone automotive
power plant weighs 2.5 times as much as the Cyclone.
2. Range - Higher efficiency and ability to use fuels with greater
energy density will extend range relative to gas autos.
3. Efficiency - Measured at 36% thermal efficiency…. roughly
equivalent to Diesel engines. However, there are fewer power
transmission losses because, well, NO transmission is required, only
a much simpler gear box.
4. Emissions - With no emissions controls at all (no computers,
sensors, catalytic converter, etc) the emissions are far lower than
the cleanest internal combustion engine. Additionally, nitrous oxide
emissions are virtually nonexistent. The Cyclone passes CA smog
standards for the year 2020, and with NO modification.
5. Reliability - A Cyclone automotive power plant has less than
1/5 the parts count of a standard automotive power plant (including
power transmission equipment). The 6 cylinder radial Cyclone has one
cam to operate all 6 inlet valves and there are NO exhaust valves.
There is a single thermostat to control boiler temperature (50+ year
old technology), and a single electric motor driven blower fan.
Steam generator, condenser, and auxiliary heat exchangers are simple
and integrated with the engine. Peak engine temperature is 1200F vs
nearly 2500F in internal combustion. Average speed is lower. Engine
cylinders and bearings are WATER LUBRICATED. NO OIL CHANGES! Water
and steam is in a closed system…. no adding water, either!
6. Longevity - Lubricating quality of water and the composite
materials used in the Cyclone is the same as oil lubrication in
internal combustion engines, but there is NO fouling of the system
as seen in internal combustion. The closed system of the Cyclone is
always clean. Additionally, operating temperatures are lower in the
Cyclone and average speed is lower.
7. Safety - The power plant itself is perfectly safe. But more
importantly, the high power to weight ratio and CRAZY torque
provides no need to compromise on vehicle safety (like electric cars
and hybrids often do). One great application for the Cyclone is the
trucking industry and earth moving equipment.
8. Fuel availability - The Cyclone truly shines here! The Cyclone
has been operated on the following fuels (so far) with no
modification to the engine: gasoline, ethanol, E-85, diesel,
biodiesel, SVO, fuel oil, kerosene, orange oil, acetone, propane,
butane, hydrogen, crude oil… the engine has even operated on solid
fuels including coal dust and wood flour. Additionally, there is no
reason at all why a biomass gasifier cannot be used as well (wood
chips, wood pellets, paper pellets, seaweed pellets). For stationary
applications (a generator for example) the Cyclone can also operate
using concentrated solar (a Cyclone has been operated by heat lamps
just to illustrate the concept).
I can go on and on, but it should be a slam dunk. Steam is the way
to go… and we've only scratched the surface of its potential. ”.
Here's Jay Leno with this Doble:
http://media.popularmechanics.com/image ... d-lg-1.jpg
http://www.damninteresting.net/content/ ... _large.jpg
Rear axel direct drive:
http://media.popularmechanics.com/image ... 2-lg-3.jpg