Reply
 
Thread Tools Display Modes
 
Old 04-21-2015, 10:31 AM   #1
Bus Nut
 
Join Date: Jul 2013
Location: Maryland / Boulder
Posts: 345
Year: 1999
Coachwork: Thomas Built
Chassis: Saf-T-Liner MVP ER
Engine: CAT 3126b Rotella-Chugger
Rated Cap: 72
Measuring stress on angle iron

Hi,

I am building my tank mounts and have been nervous the whole tie about whether or not my tank mount design will be strong enough. I have four 46 gallon tanks, two fresh and two grey (no blackwater for me). The two fresh tanks will be tied together with a line on opposite sides of the bus, but the two grey will be next to each other between the frame rails. When these are full it will be nearly 800 lbs of water. Does anyone have any designs for good tank mounts handy? I have some in my head but don't have a good means of drawing it out. I have a bunch of 1.5"x1.5"x1/8" angle iron which, if done in a certain way may be strong enough, but I haven't worked with it enough to know what its load capacity is like.

Thanks!
porkchopsandwiches is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-21-2015, 04:05 PM   #2
Bus Geek
 
Join Date: Aug 2011
Location: Stony Plain Alberta Canada
Posts: 2,937
Year: 1992
Coachwork: Bluebird
Chassis: TC2000 FE
Engine: 190hp 5.9 Cummins
Rated Cap: 72
I would use thicker, or deeper material.

Wider, or deeper material has much less deflection.

Old houses used 2x6 as floor joist. They held the weight, but the floor bounced alot. This is deflection.

New houses use 2x12 or I joist. We get much less deflection.

Nat
__________________
"Don't argue with stupid people. They will just drag you down to their level, and beat you up with experience."

Patently waiting for the apocalypses to level the playing field in this physiological game of life commonly known as Civilization
nat_ster is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-21-2015, 09:19 PM   #3
Bus Nut
 
Alan N's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2015
Location: Gonvick MN
Posts: 338
Year: 1975
Chassis: Gillig
Engine: Cat 3208t/10 speed transmission
You can never have too much overkill.
I would use heavier material.
Lots of weight there and bouncing down the road is hard on things.
__________________
Remove hence to yonder place....
Alan N is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-21-2015, 09:36 PM   #4
Bus Geek
 
Tango's Avatar
 
Join Date: Mar 2011
Location: Houston, Texas
Posts: 8,462
Year: 1946
Coachwork: Chevrolet/Wayne
Chassis: 1- 1/2 ton
Engine: Cummins 4BT
Rated Cap: 15
Do any of these tanks have baffles? Shifting that much fluid around during take-off and braking can create some significant forces. Both front to rear and side to side.
Tango is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-22-2015, 01:08 AM   #5
Bus Crazy
 
Join Date: Feb 2012
Location: Salt Lake City Utah
Posts: 1,614
Year: 2000
Chassis: Blue Bird
Engine: ISC 8.3
Here's a photo looking straight up from below my black water tank. It isn't exactly the Ameri-Kart H002 tank, but it's pretty close. You can kind of see in this photo, and better on Ameri-Kart's drawing, how this style tank has a projection on the long sides. Ameri-Kart has a "holding tank installation information" document which recommends using that projection to carry the tank.

I hacked a crude Z profile late before leaving on a trip and bolted it up through the floor. All four corners of the tank have a duplicate of this bracket. Each Z has a flange that wraps around the corner to prevent the tank sliding out forward or back. I put a piece of threaded rod across the narrow direction and just above the top surface of the tank to tie the brackets together so they can't wiggle apart and let the tank fall through. The nut on the end of one of those rods is visible in the photo. I guess that rod also creates a clamping force on the sides which also helps prevent the tank slipping forward or back. I think I used 16 gauge for those.

This tank is shallow (8 to 10 inches), drains forward, and holds less than 30 gallons so I haven't worried much about the forces of sloshing inside.

As an alternate to using that projection, Ameri-Kart suggests 1-2" wide straps at 12-18" spacing for support of tanks without the projection. I infer "strap" to mean a strip of sheet metal in the 20-16 gauge range -- something the size of the earthquake straps sold for residential tank-style water heaters for example. Judging by that recommendation I'm thinking they're not too worried about sloshing in the holding tank profiles.

Some tanks, especially the fresh water, might be more cube-ish. I haven't entirely figured out what I'll be doing with my two 40 gallon fresh tanks, which are cube-like and nearly twice as tall as my black tank. Ameri-Kart has a separate set of recommendations for fresh water tanks. Below 30 gallons they say support one side and bottom with 1/2 to 3/4 plywood; over 30 they say support all sides and bottom. I get the idea that sloshing is more of a concern for these more rectangular and larger tank shapes.

As a really rough idea, I'm thinking about threaded rod hanging down from the bus floor with a length of angle iron spanning under the tank. Use several copies of that to get the spacing right. Insertion of plywood on the sides and bottom is easy. Ends not so easy. But plywood isn't preferable because of the weather-exposed location under the bus, so maybe use sheet metal instead? Whatever the sheet is, it can be secured to the framework to stiffen it and prevent sliding forward/back from sloshing. The right kind and attachment of the sheet can fill the role of the threaded rod, too. Come on, it's late and I'm not thinking very well.. somebody step up and improve the idea!


Regarding the 1.5"x1/8" angle -- if it's arranged such that it spans the narrow direction of the tank, and is repeated at 12-18" spacing, then it's plenty thick. If you box the tank like Ameri-Kart suggests then simple sheet metal or flat bar straps could do.
family wagon is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-22-2015, 10:24 AM   #6
Bus Nut
 
Join Date: Jul 2013
Location: Maryland / Boulder
Posts: 345
Year: 1999
Coachwork: Thomas Built
Chassis: Saf-T-Liner MVP ER
Engine: CAT 3126b Rotella-Chugger
Rated Cap: 72
Quote:
Originally Posted by family wagon View Post
Regarding the 1.5"x1/8" angle -- if it's arranged such that it spans the narrow direction of the tank, and is repeated at 12-18" spacing, then it's plenty thick. If you box the tank like Ameri-Kart suggests then simple sheet metal or flat bar straps could do.
Thanks. I had a decent design down (in my head) for the single 46 gallon tanks (taken from VonSlatt):



But my concern was mounting 2 of these tanks next to each other on the same span, in between the frame rails. About 28" wide, almost 800 lbs of water to support. I will try and do a mock up of an idea I had to mount those when I get home on SketchUp.

Thanks!
porkchopsandwiches is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-22-2015, 02:39 PM   #7
Bus Nut
 
Join Date: Jul 2014
Posts: 718
Year: 1998
Coachwork: Bluebird
Chassis: TC2000 RE
Engine: 8.3l Cummins
Rated Cap: 78
I only have exposure on the bluebird chassis I'm working on, but the frame cross members have holes that line up vertically through them that look like they are intended to hang heavy things from via threaded rod that is up to 1/2" diameter.

1/8" thick hot roll angle iron is pretty strong stuff, but I would certainly build some triangulated trusses to hold the 1000 lbs of water tanks.

Ultimately, the frame rails of the truck body are supported by the spring perches, and that span is going to give you an idea of how far you'll need to distribute the weight across the frame fore to aft.

A point load of 800 lbs mid span is really different than 4 point loads of 200 lbs spread across an 8 foot span, for example.

When you start looking up the young's modulus of hot roll .125 2.5" flange angle iron, then applying that to multi-point spans you have to put on your civil engineer hat a little bit.

It's also very easy to get too worked up about it, and if done wrong can also give you false comfort about how something is designed or fitted, so take care to really think about how what forces you're going to be encountering.

Slamming into a speed bump at a higher speed than you wanted? Think of the acceleration forces applied to both the frame structure you've built and the tank itself.

Will that poly talk pop like a water balloon with 800 lbs of liquid in there, because you didn't add enough side support straps?

There's certainly some things to ponder. I don't have many answers for your question but this is the thought process I'm going through currently for a few things.
aaronsb is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-22-2015, 03:04 PM   #8
Bus Geek
 
bansil's Avatar
 
Join Date: Nov 2011
Location: MNT CITY TN
Posts: 5,158
this brace would stiffen it up alot

__________________
Our build La Tortuga
Accept the challenges so that you can feel the exhilaration of victory.
George S. Patton
bansil is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-22-2015, 06:18 PM   #9
Bus Crazy
 
Join Date: Feb 2012
Location: Salt Lake City Utah
Posts: 1,614
Year: 2000
Chassis: Blue Bird
Engine: ISC 8.3
Interesting points, aaronsb. I wish I had a civil engineering hat to wear.. it's really fascinating stuff.

The suggestion about the tank wall failing (popping) correlates with the Ameri-Kart recommendation to box the tank with plywood. It says to me the tank's purpose is to be the leak-free liner inside a structural container provided by others. What can we use instead of plywood? Plate metal would work, but at great weight or cost. Is there a corrugated material.. smaller than corrugated roofing or metal roof deck? taskswap mentioned H45 and H100 in another thread recently. Not having worked with fiberglass myself I'm not certain what those are... but a web search turned up Divinycell, which at first glance looks like a cellular board.. a hard structural foam of sorts? Maybe something like that would be a good choice for covering the space between the metal members.
family wagon is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-22-2015, 07:51 PM   #10
Bus Geek
 
Join Date: Aug 2011
Location: Stony Plain Alberta Canada
Posts: 2,937
Year: 1992
Coachwork: Bluebird
Chassis: TC2000 FE
Engine: 190hp 5.9 Cummins
Rated Cap: 72
The tanks I have been looking at have ribs cast into them. This adds the rigidity needed to contain the weight of the water without needing more support to the sides.

If the plastic tanks without ribs need plywood or the equivalent to support them, I would be building tanks out of stainless steel with ribs formed into the metal sheets to add strength.

I like where this topic is going. Great info so far.

Nat
__________________
"Don't argue with stupid people. They will just drag you down to their level, and beat you up with experience."

Patently waiting for the apocalypses to level the playing field in this physiological game of life commonly known as Civilization
nat_ster is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-22-2015, 08:12 PM   #11
Bus Nut
 
Join Date: Jul 2013
Location: Maryland / Boulder
Posts: 345
Year: 1999
Coachwork: Thomas Built
Chassis: Saf-T-Liner MVP ER
Engine: CAT 3126b Rotella-Chugger
Rated Cap: 72
I didn't think about the whole bladder needing support thing, that is a good point. The ones I have are decently robust but they definitely would benefit from total support rather than metal ribs around them only.

I am doing 4 tanks total, 4 of the 46 gallon ones. Two will be up front, one on each side outboard the frame, next to the air tanks. This is where I will use the design I posted, plus plywood all around (much to Nat's disapproval).

I was thinking some beefy C channel steel may be appropriate. My frame doesn't have holes in it though, is it kosher to drill a couple of 1/2" holes in the side of the frame? I have another idea in my head.
porkchopsandwiches is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-22-2015, 08:20 PM   #12
Bus Geek
 
Join Date: Aug 2011
Location: Stony Plain Alberta Canada
Posts: 2,937
Year: 1992
Coachwork: Bluebird
Chassis: TC2000 FE
Engine: 190hp 5.9 Cummins
Rated Cap: 72
As long as you stay 1.5 inches from the shoulder of the frame, drilling holes under one inch should be fine.

The plywood will just hold moisture, and cause the metal frame to rust out in 5 years or so.

Do what you must, just be aware of the issues that will arise down the road.

Nat
__________________
"Don't argue with stupid people. They will just drag you down to their level, and beat you up with experience."

Patently waiting for the apocalypses to level the playing field in this physiological game of life commonly known as Civilization
nat_ster is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-23-2015, 04:12 AM   #13
Bus Geek
 
bansil's Avatar
 
Join Date: Nov 2011
Location: MNT CITY TN
Posts: 5,158
Just use the green marine ply wood
__________________
Our build La Tortuga
Accept the challenges so that you can feel the exhilaration of victory.
George S. Patton
bansil is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-23-2015, 07:21 AM   #14
Bus Nut
 
Join Date: Jul 2013
Location: Maryland / Boulder
Posts: 345
Year: 1999
Coachwork: Thomas Built
Chassis: Saf-T-Liner MVP ER
Engine: CAT 3126b Rotella-Chugger
Rated Cap: 72
Quote:
Originally Posted by nat_ster View Post
As long as you stay 1.5 inches from the shoulder of the frame, drilling holes under one inch should be fine.

The plywood will just hold moisture, and cause the metal frame to rust out in 5 years or so.

Do what you must, just be aware of the issues that will arise down the road.

Nat
Thanks. I would love to do it the Nat way but I just don't have the money to and I'd rather it be functional and imperfect than it be perfect and me be 35 years old

And Bansil, that was my plan. Same for the bottom / sides of the storage compartments. Thanks!
porkchopsandwiches is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-23-2015, 01:16 PM   #15
Bus Nut
 
Join Date: Jul 2014
Posts: 718
Year: 1998
Coachwork: Bluebird
Chassis: TC2000 RE
Engine: 8.3l Cummins
Rated Cap: 78
Instead of plywood, go buy some lengths of galvanized steel decking. Install it in your pan frame (with hopefully some more vertical supports) so the deck ridges are left to right (the shortest possible span)

You can use the same stuff for supporting the tank walls, as well.

Make sure you treat the edges where you cut the decking, so it doesn't rust. It'll be strong or stronger than the plywood, completely waterproof, and probably lighter.

Don't have to buy it from here, this link is just as an example of what you want:

Galvanized Steel Decking | Metalmart


Quote:
Originally Posted by porkchopsandwiches View Post
Thanks. I would love to do it the Nat way but I just don't have the money to and I'd rather it be functional and imperfect than it be perfect and me be 35 years old

And Bansil, that was my plan. Same for the bottom / sides of the storage compartments. Thanks!
aaronsb is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-23-2015, 01:23 PM   #16
Bus Geek
 
Join Date: Aug 2011
Location: Stony Plain Alberta Canada
Posts: 2,937
Year: 1992
Coachwork: Bluebird
Chassis: TC2000 FE
Engine: 190hp 5.9 Cummins
Rated Cap: 72
Pork chop has to use what he has due to budget.

He is young, and has the time and energy to redo it if need be later.

Unlike a floor that can't be changed later without wrecking the entire bus, the tanks can be swapped out later.

Nat
__________________
"Don't argue with stupid people. They will just drag you down to their level, and beat you up with experience."

Patently waiting for the apocalypses to level the playing field in this physiological game of life commonly known as Civilization
nat_ster is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-23-2015, 01:40 PM   #17
Bus Crazy
 
Join Date: Feb 2012
Location: Salt Lake City Utah
Posts: 1,614
Year: 2000
Chassis: Blue Bird
Engine: ISC 8.3
Quote:
Originally Posted by aaronsb View Post
Don't have to buy it from here, this link is just as an example of what you want:

Galvanized Steel Decking | Metalmart
I might buy it from there; they're just down the road from me.

One thing I didn't like about the decking is its thickness. Even the B deck is still 1.5" thick. Any thoughts about the fiberglass core material? A randomly selected online vendor lists Divinycell 4x8 3/8" thick H80 at $102 vs marine plywood 9mm Sande at $59 or 9mm Okoume at $111. Doesn't mention the size of the plywood sheets. Anyway the Divinycell looks to be as much as twice the price per surface area. I wonder whether it would be good enough.

For comparison, Metal Mart wants $111 for the 3x20 ft B deck. I've been thinking about using that for the floor of my basement.
family wagon is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-23-2015, 01:52 PM   #18
Bus Geek
 
Join Date: Aug 2011
Location: Stony Plain Alberta Canada
Posts: 2,937
Year: 1992
Coachwork: Bluebird
Chassis: TC2000 FE
Engine: 190hp 5.9 Cummins
Rated Cap: 72
B deck would make great basement storage floor.

I'm using metal I cut from the sides of C-Can shipping containers left over from when I used to sell them.

Any time you bend ribs into thin sheet steel, you make it much stronger. This is how they are able to stack shipping containers so high, without them weighing to much.

The Shipping container steel is a bit thick. It's around 10 ga. All we really need is around 16 ga. Much less weight. For more strength, add more ribs when getting it formed at the metal shop.

Nat
__________________
"Don't argue with stupid people. They will just drag you down to their level, and beat you up with experience."

Patently waiting for the apocalypses to level the playing field in this physiological game of life commonly known as Civilization
nat_ster is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-23-2015, 02:05 PM   #19
Bus Nut
 
Join Date: Jul 2014
Posts: 718
Year: 1998
Coachwork: Bluebird
Chassis: TC2000 RE
Engine: 8.3l Cummins
Rated Cap: 78
A 4x8' (32 sq ft) sheet of marine grade treated 1" plywood from the local lumber store here (Seattle, WA) area is $85/sheet.

$2.65 /sq foot

A 12x3' (36 sq ft) 20 gauge 1" form deck panel from a local steel building supply costs $100/sheet.
$2.77 /sq foot

The steel decking, when installed on 5' centers, has a live load rating of 210 lbs/sq foot.

I didn't look up a comparison rating for the plywood, but I bet if you lay it on two centers 5' apart, it's not going to hold 200 lbs in a single square foot in the center.



Quote:
Originally Posted by nat_ster View Post
Pork chop has to use what he has due to budget.

He is young, and has the time and energy to redo it if need be later.

Unlike a floor that can't be changed later without wrecking the entire bus, the tanks can be swapped out later.

Nat
aaronsb is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 04-23-2015, 02:10 PM   #20
Bus Geek
 
Join Date: Aug 2011
Location: Stony Plain Alberta Canada
Posts: 2,937
Year: 1992
Coachwork: Bluebird
Chassis: TC2000 FE
Engine: 190hp 5.9 Cummins
Rated Cap: 72
Hey man, I hate wood, and vote steel all the way.

I think pork chop already has the plywood.

Nat
__________________
"Don't argue with stupid people. They will just drag you down to their level, and beat you up with experience."

Patently waiting for the apocalypses to level the playing field in this physiological game of life commonly known as Civilization
nat_ster is offline   Reply With Quote
Reply

Thread Tools
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are Off
Pingbacks are Off
Refbacks are Off


» Featured Campgrounds

Reviews provided by

Powered by vBadvanced CMPS v3.2.3

All times are GMT -5. The time now is 02:59 PM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.8 Beta 4
Copyright ©2000 - 2020, vBulletin Solutions, Inc.
×